山东十一选五

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2019-06-19 10:57:12   来源:山东十一选五_山东体彩十一选五软件-欢迎您   责任编辑: 王亮  

厦门鼓浪屿上安静的巷道(2020年4月25日摄)。新华社记者魏培全摄

fulitanghuangdeoushibieshu、jiantagaosongdetianzhujiaotang、jietouxiangweidekafeiguan、wuhouxiangqidegangqinqu……zaigulangyu,zheixie“fengmaobiaoqian”fushikejian。

jiushizaizheiyangyizuocengjinglianxunbudouyaoyouwaiguorendanrendexiaodaoshang,chuanchengqianniandezhonghuawenmaixianghuoqueyizhimianyanweijue。genzhiyudaoshangdeyizhuanyiwa、yicaoyimu。

yingzhechenguang,yisoushuangcenglunduchuancongmatouhuanhuanshichu。yanzheneihaihangdaoraoguoqiantan,lunduchuankaishijiasu,madahongming、jiangyexuandong、langhuafeijian,baisechuanshenweiweizhandou,huaguoshuodongzhemolvseguangzedehaimian,zainingjingyoushendeshaguhaixia,liuxiayiwanqianqiandehuxian。

山东十一选五chaoxiqiluo,suiyueliuzhuan。shiguangzhizhendaobohui35nianqian,1985nian,meiguoqianzongtonglichade·nikesongyouyicidaofangzhongguo。xiangtongdezheipianhaiyu、xiangsideshuangcengduchuan,jiabanshang,shenzhebaisechenyi、toufahuabaidenikesongpinglanerwang,bihailantianxia,toushizhiyaodexiaodaocaomuconglong,butongfenggedejianzhujiaoxianghuiying。nianyuguxidelaorenchujingshengqing,zantancidikancheng“dongfangxiaweiyi”。

5nianhou,shirenxinjiapozongliliguangyaohefurenchengchuanshiguotongyipianhaiyu,tongyangweiyinidedaoshangfengguangsuozhefu。jianduoshiguangdexinjiapo“guofu”xinranjiang“dongfangweinisi”demeimingzengyuzheizuoxiaodao。juqinlizhehuiyi,qingxinyucideliguangyaocengqinkouduipeitongdedangdilingdaobiaoshixiwangnengzaidaoshanganjuluohu,qiduixiaodaodezhongyizhiqingkejianyier。

山东十一选五weinisiyehao,xiaweiyiyeba,congzheixieyouzhongerfadechengzanyubaojiangzhong,bunantuice,xishifengqingbidingshizheizuoxiaodaoxianluyuwaidemeilisuozai。zheizuoshendeshidaifengliurenwuzhongqingyuzanmeidexiaodao,jiushizuoluoyufujiandongnanhaibin、shamenxinanyiyudegulangyu。

deque,fulitanghuangdeoushibieshu、jiantagaosongdetianzhujiaotang、jietouxiangweidekafeiguan、wuhouxiangqidegangqinqu……zaigulangyu,zheixiefushikejiande“fengmaobiaoqian”,wubutouluzhezheizuoxiaodaoyuxifangshijieqiansiwanlvdeguanlian。

jiushizheiyangyizuodaduoshurenhuixuanze“yangqi、xiaozi、langman……”zheileicihuilaimiaohuidiyiyinxiangdexiaodao,qijingzhitianshidexishiwaibiaozhixia,quemingkezhejindaizhongguobaiyuniandedongdangyucangsang。

从“坟墓之所”到“公共租界”

1841nian8yue26ri,shizhishengxiadeshamengangtianqiyanreyichang,zaixiangqingzhengfudeshamenshoujundijiaolexianqitoujiangjiaochengdezuihoutongdie,binglisuodangrandizaodaojujuezhihou,yizaifujinhaiyuqunxunyiyedeyingguojianduikaishichunchunyudong。

bujiu,“gangneifengqi,yingguojianduifenfenqimaochefankaidong,faqijingong”,shouweizaiyanhaipaotaideqingjunfenqifanji,yishijian“hongshengrulei,heiyanmanhai”,shamengangyanmeizaiyipianpaohuodangzhong。jinjin“zai1xiaoshi20fenzhongzhinei,gulangyudesanzuozhuyaopaotaibianbeidaya”,qingjunlishishuyue、haoyinbaiwandazaodefangyugongshiyue3gexiaoshijibeijikua,gulangyuheshamendaoxiangjixuangaolunxian。

zaijintiandeyingguoguojiahaishibowuguan,suijunhuajiagelaofudejishixiliehuazuo“yingjungongdashamen”,xingxiangjiluledangnianzheichangqinlvezhanzhengdecanliechangjing: shouchitengpaipiandao,kanguanlezhoujifanyingdeqingjun,mianduilaishixiongxiongdemengchongjujian、zhangqiangduanpao,suipinsiyingzhan、yimingxiangbo,quejiwuzhaojiazhili。bansuizhegulangyuheshamendaodelunxian,biguansuoguoshubainiandegulaozhongguo,yebeishidaihongliuguoxiezhe,juanruhaodangxiongyongdeshijiedachao。

gulangyusuozaideshamengangshuiyu,shiyingjunconghailubeishangjinfanzhongguodeguanjiantongdao。zaozaiyapianzhanzhengbaofazhichu,hushidandandeyingguorenjiuduizheizuo“yushamenchengyishuizhige”dexiaodaobiaoxianchulenonghouxingqu,renwei“zhanlinggulangyu,shamenbenshenhuozhegengqiadangdishuotadechengshiyushijiaojiudouchuzaishandongshiyixuanwuwanquankongzhizhixiale”。

weilejiangzheitiaobeishanghangdaodatong,yingjunzainvwangquanquandachenhengli·pudingchadezhihuixia,gongpaichule2500mingguanbing、10souzhanjian、310menzaipao、4souwuzhuangchuanhe22souyunshuchuan,binglitourubukeweibuda。

danjiushizheiyangyigerangyingjunbuxichengben、zhizaibidede“zhanlveyaodi”,duichudengdaoshangdeyingguoshibinglaishuo,quepoyouxieshiwang——“diduoyanshi,qifubuping,dabufenshibumaozhidi……huanjingjibuweisheng”。yigeduoshijiyihoudejintian,shandongshiyixuanwuyirankeyicongdangnianliucunxialaidezhizipianyu,yikuidangniandaoshangdepinjiyuhuangliang。

山东十一选五gulangyuzaishiliaozhongchuxiandeshijianzuizaozhuisuzhisongdai。youyudichutianyahaijiao、fengjilanggao,xiaodaoyizhishaoyourenji,zaijiashangshanduodishao、nanshinongsang,zaishuqianniandeshijianli,gulangyuyizhichuyuzhongyuanzhuliuwenhuashiyezhiwai。

山东十一选五zhiyuqizaisongdaiyihoushiliaozhongdexingxiang,yeshizhangqibeimiaohuiweihaidaochaoxue、fenmuzhisuode“bumaozhidi”——“xishijuminliaoluo,shazhiwuyingtianzhe,meizangyuci,daiyuannianyin,leileizhejianweipingdi”。zhishiouyoujiqingshanshuidewenrensaokehuokantouhongchendefojiadizihuidengdaoganhuai,bishiyuci。

山东十一选五mingtianqisannian(1623nian),fujianxunfunanjuyidengdaolifoshi,youganyuxiaodaodepianpihuangliang,suizhanshiyishou: “yerenjingwenke,cidizhilinou。guiluyingwulu,shizhoudijizhou。”

rucihuangliangliaoluodezhuangtai,yizhichixudaoqingdai。kangxiershisannian(1684nian),qingzhengfuzaishamendaosheliminhaiguan,fuzeduitaiwan、yanhainanbeishangchuanyijineiheliudonghuowudeshuiwuzhengshou、jicha,bingzaigulangyusheliqingdankouan。zici,gangkoujingjizaidangdihuodefazhan,shamendaoyijigulangyuzuoweigangkouyaosaidezuoyongkaishixianxian。

山东十一选五daoleqianlongsanshinian(1765nian),shamendaoyibianchengdongnanyanhaizhongyaodemaoyikouan,dangdi“tianyuanripiye,shisirinaoye,huohuicaiwurizengerriyiye,binkeshanglvrijierrifanye”,gulangyudefazhanyehuodejidadaidong,daoshangchuxianle“baibahurenjia,qianyukouren”。

山东十一选五zhanlingleshamendaohegulangyudeyingguojunduibingweizuotaiduotingliu,zaigulangyuhaiyuliuxia3soujunjianhe500yumingshibingliushou,qiyubinglijixubeishang,bingxianhougongkedinghai、zhenhai(ningbo)、zhapu(zhejiangpinghu)、wusong、zhenjiang。

山东十一选五1842nian8yue29ri,zhongyingdaibiaozaitingboyunanjingxiaguanjiangmiandeyingjunjunjianshangqianshule《nanjingtiaoyue》,kaiqilejindaizhongguodequrushi。

anzhaotiaoyueneirong,qingzhengfuchulegerangxianggangdao、xiangyingguopeikuanwai,haixujiangguangzhou、fuzhou、shamen、ningbo、shanghaiwuchusheweitongshangkouan,yunxuyingrenjuzhubingshepailingshi。yushamendaozhichizhiyaodegulangyu,ziranyenantaoyangrenranzhi,youcikaiqileqizaijiexialaiyigeduoshijidecangsanglicheng。

山东十一选五“paozihongzhizhi,dachengdaolili,fanzifan,gulangyuzuogongguan。fanzipashangshan,chengneirenyiban。”zheishoucongyapianzhanzhengshiqijizaishamendangdichuanchangdetongyao,chengweidangnian“fanzi”paohongshagu、shangdaojielvedexiezhao。

yapianzhanzhengzhihou,zhongguolunweibanzhimindibanfengjianshehui。suizheouzhougeguoyijimeiguo、ribendengguozichanjiejigaigedewancheng,didawuboqueyumeiluohoudeqingwangchaochengweidiguolieqiangyanzhongde“daizaifeiyang”。ying、mei、ri、dedengguofenfenpiaoyangguohai,zaizhongguojingneihuasheshilifanwei,juequliyi。

zaicibeijingxia,dichuzhongguodongnanyanhaimenhudeshaguliangdaoziranchengweigeguolieqiangshiliyanshende“qiaotoubao”。1865nian,shamenyouyangxing11jia,daole1880nian,shezaishamendewaishangyangxing、yinxingjiudadao24jia。suizheyangxingyangshangyongru,lingshiguan、jiaotang、bieshudenggejutesedexishijianzhukaishizaidaoshangbadierqi。

山东十一选五1894nianzhongribaofajiawuzhanzheng,qingzhengfuzaizhanshilianlianshilideqingxingxiabudeyixiangribenqiuhe。cihou,zhongriqianding《maguantiaoyue》,gedipeikuan。cinian,qingzhengfuzongliyamendachenrongluyuribenzhuhuagongshilindongzaibeijingdingli《zhongritongshangkouanribenzujiezhuantiao》,qizhongguiding: zhongguozhengfuyingyun,yijingribenzhengfuziqing,jizaishanghai、tianjin、shamen、hankoudengchu,sheribenzhuanguanzujie。

1897nian,ribenxiangqingzhengfutichuzaishamenhegulangyuhuachu22wanping(yue1091mu)tudi,zuowei“zhuanguanzujie”。ribenxiwangdubashagudeyexinyinlaidaoshangjuminyijiying、mei、dedengqitalieqiangdebuman。

julishixuezhekaozheng,wei“dujueribenduzhanyexin”,shirenmeiguozhushamenlingshibazhanshenglalongqitaguojiadezhushalingshi,xiangzheminzongduxuyingkuijianyibagulangyuhuazuogonggongdijie,ruci,“jikeyidujueribenduzhandeyexin,haikeyijianhushamen,yijuliangde。”

qingguangxuershiqinianshieryuechuyi(1902nian1yue10ri),zhongwaigefangdaibiaozairibenzhushamenlingshiguanqianshu“shamengulangyugonggongdijiezhangchengcaoan”。1902nian11yue21ri,guangxuhuangdizai《shamengulangyugonggongdijiezhangcheng》dezoubenshangyupi“yunxing”。

bujiuzhihou,gulangyujichengliyouzaidaoyangrenbachideshizhengguanlijigougongbujuheshenpanjigouhuishengongtang,zici,qingzhengfuduiyuxiaodaodexingzhengguanliquanyijisifaquandengpangluoyangrenzhishou,gulangyujiucilunweiduliyuqingzhengfuguanxiatizhizhiwaide“guozhongzhiguo”。

不灭的中国文化之火

山东十一选五ziwanqingzhongguodedamenbeilieqiangdejianchuanlipaohongkai,gulangyujiu“xifengjingchui”,zhujianchengweixifangwenhuadehuijuzhidi,zongjiao、jianzhu、yuyan、jiaoyudengwubushouqiyingxiang。houlai,suizhegulangyubeihuawei“wanguozujie”,fujidaoshangdedongjianzhifengrisheng。

jiushizaizheiyangyizuolianxunbudoushiyouwaiguorendanrendexiaodaoshang,chuanchengqianniandezhonghuawenmaixianghuoqueyizhimianyanweijue。yangfangbieshuzhongqianchenggongfengdezuzongpaiwei、lizhugongchuangshangzhuoranerlideqiaojiaofeiyan……daoshangjuminyijiyipipiguilaidetaibao、qiaobao,zaixinawaiyuwenhuadetongshi,jiangrongzhuyuxuemaigusuilidezhonghuawenhuajiyin,genzhiyudaoshangdeyizhuanyiwa、yicaoyimu,rangchuyudongdangpiaoyaozhongdexiaodaozhishang,shizhongyuedongzhebumiedezhongguowenhuazhihuo。

conggulangyugangqinmatoushangdaozuozhuan,yanlujiaolubuxingxiangqian,shuncicanguanyingguolingshiguanjiuzhi、boaiyiyuanjiuzhi、haoyueyuandeng“wanghong”jingdian,shiyitiaohuandaoyoulandejingdianxianlu。gaofengshiqi,zheitiaoyoulanxianlumeitianyinglaishuyiwanjidebafangyouke。

yanluzoulai,yourenkeyixinshangdaozuijubiaozhixingdegulangfengguang——shanhaixiangyi、jingseyini,gejutesedejianzhulincizhibi。erzaizheixiexilairangwangdeyoukezhong,henshaoyourenhuizhuanmenquguanzhuyingguolingshiguanjiuzhidongmianhaibinbuyuandeyichubifengwu。

山东十一选五yudaoshangrangrenmubuxiajiedeyangloubieshu、shengjinggujixiangbi,youyikuaikuaibumantaixiandeqingshijiandanleiqierchengdebifengwu,dequeyouxiebuqiyan。danyigeduoshijiyiqian,bifengwusuozaideweizhicengshiyichuzhanmanhuarenlaogongxueleide“zhuzimatou”。chengqianshangwandehuagong,huopoyushengji,huozaoyoupianguaimai,congzheilibeisongwanghaiwai,congcibeijinglixiang,jilvtaguo。

山东十一选五yinweibeifanmaidelaogongduobeizangnizaibujiantianridelunchuandicang,yiduobihaiguanjiancha,zheizhongfanyunfangshiyumaimaishengzhuleisi,dangshirenmenjiujiangzheizhongmaimaihuarenlaogongdefangshichengwei“maizhuzi”。

19shiji,kuaisukuozhangdezibenzhuyilieqiangzaihaiwaikaituolepangdadezhiminbantu,erzaizhimindikenhuang、kaikuang、xiuzhutielu、kaifazhongzhiyuandengyixiliehuodong,xuyaodaliangdelaodongli。chikunailaodehuaren,zailieqiangyanzhongchengweibuchonglaoliquekoudelianghaorenxuan。shamenzeyinqibianlideshuiyuntiaojianchengweidangshiquanguozuidade“kulimaoyizhongxin”zhiyi。

1845nian6yue,haohanwuyindeyinduyang,xinanjifengzhengjing,yisoucongzhongguoshamengangshichudefaguofanchuanzhengchengfengyangfan、polangerxing。cixingdemudedi,shiweiyuyinduyangxibumasikelinqundaodeliuniwangdao。chuanshangyunsongde“huowu”,jifeiyaocaiciqi,yebushichayesichou,ershimimimamajimanchuancangde180mingzhongguolaogong。zheishishiliaozhongguanyuxifangcongzhongguofanmaihuagongdezuizaojizai。

zixiaoshenghuozaidaoshangdegulangyurenlincongming,cengduiyuzheiduanlishizuoguoshenruyanjiu。juqikaozheng,zailijingfengbao、jibing、jikedengzhongzhongmonan,zuizhongnenggouhuozhedaodamudedidehuagongjinzhanchufashizongrenshude40%-50%。“huagongmennengfouhuozhezouxiajiaban,meiyourennenggoubaozheng。”

erzheixie“jiaoxing”huoxialai、piaobohaiwaideyixiangyouzi,pingzhechikunailao、chengxinzhihuidepinzhi,bilulanlv、jianxinchuangye,yidianyidianjileicaifu,yibuyibuzhanwenjiaogen。tamenzhongdehenduoren,zaigaibianlezijihejiazudemingyun,chengweixiongjuyifangdefushangjujiahou,xieziguiguo、yijinhaixiang,chengweigulangyushangduikangzhiminyapo,zhengquhuarenliyi,yanxuzhonghuawenmaidezhongyaoliliang。

1919nian4yue,yindunixiyakaiwangzhongguoshamendelunchuanshang,yiweishenzhexishifuzhuang、miansewenheruyadezhongniannanzi,wangzheyuanchudemangmanghaitianchushen。wangshiyimumu,ruchaoshuibanyongxianyanqian: congshaoshihuaichuaifuqinbianmaitianchanhuanlaide36geyinyuan,zhanzhuannanyangmouqiushenglu,daorujintoushenghuafa、youziguixiang,30duoniandanzhiyihuijian,cengjingde“titoushaonian”yirangongchengmingjiu,chengweiyumantaxiangde“huarenshoufu”。

zheiweizhongniannanzi,jiushizaiyinniqiaojieheheyoumingde“tangwang”huangyizhu。

1884nian,16suidehuangyizhuyinweidezuihaoshen,beipochuzoutaxiang,chengwei“xiananyang”quntideyiyuan。cihoudesinianjian,huangyizhuzhanzhuanxinjiapo、malaixiyadengdi,kaotitouzhujianlizu。houlai,yinweiyanguangminrui、shanmishangji,“titouzhu”kaishishezuzhitang、yinxing、baoxiandengxingyebinglvhuochenggong,zhongchengdongnanyajuzuqingzhongdeshangjiejuzi、huaqiaolingxiu。

huiguohou,lizhixingyebaoguodehuangyizhuxuanzedingjugulangyu。raner,chudaodaoshangdetakandaodequeshizailieqiangzhixiadegulangyu,yangrenyaowuyangwei、shenghuoshushi,erzhongguorenquechuchubeipaijiyapo。jiuliandaoshangjianzhu,youwaiguorenxingjiandebieshu、lingshiguanyegengxianqipai。yushi,huangyizhuanxiajuexin,yidingyaodazao“zhongguodiyibieshu”,yigaiguodaoshanglinlideyangfanggongguan,zhangxianhuarenzunyan。

山东十一选五rujin,manbuyijinbainiandehuangjiahuayuanbieshu,yirannengganshoudaoyuanzhuyouneierwailiuluchudehuaxiaqingjie: qingtongloudiaobilu、zitanmubogujia、suichukejiandeciqimudiaozhuangshi……youweishirenchudongdeshi,bieshuneidemeigefangjianli,douxuanyouxiangbianmingjing,jingkuangshangdiaokezhetidao、xushua、taoertongdenghuangyizhucengjingshiyongguodelifagongju,xiwangyicitixinghourenwuwangxianbeifendouzhiludejianxin。

haofeizhongjindehuayuanbieshufuyijiancheng,bianshengmingyuanbo。“daguanguiren,mingliuhaoshen,wuyibuyinenghuoyaozhiyuanzhongyizuoweirong。”minguoshiqi,caitingkai、jiangjieshidengdoucengxiatayuanzhong。xinzhongguochenglihou,zheilicengxianhoujiedaiguodengxiaoping、dengyingchao、nikesong、liguangyaodengguoneiwaizhengyaoyuanshou,chengweiyichujianzhengjinxiandaizhongguomairufuqiang、zouxiangkaifangdeshidaisuoying。

山东十一选五chucizhiwai,xinhuaibaoguozhixindehuangyizhuhaishougoutonglangulangyudianhuayewuderishangchuanbeidianhuagongsi、pusheshamendaozhigulangyudehaididianlan,shideshaguzhijiannenggouzhijietonghua;tazaishanghaichuangbandangshizhongguozuidadeqiaoziqiyezhongnanyinxing,yigaiguoneigongshangyefazhanshouxifangyinxingzibenchezhoudexianshi;tahaichangdaochenglishamenshizhengweiyuanhui,tourujuziwanshanshamenchengshijichugonggongsheshi,kaipijiedao、pushedaolu、banzilaishuichang,cushishamenmaichulexiandaihuachengshishandongshiyixuanwudezhongyaoyibu……zhidaojintian,huangyizhudangnianweigaishanminshengtouzixingjiandesheshi,rengzaihuijidangdibaixing。

buzhihuangyizhu,haiyouzaitaiwanbeiribenzhanlinghou,yiranfangqipangdajiaye,lvjuanshuneidu,jianxingshiyejiuguodefushenlinerjia;weishizhongguo“deyushijiegeqiangguojutongdengzhidiwei”,toushenjiaoyushiye,weishamendaxuedanjingjielvdeshadaxiaozhanglinwenqing;zhuisuisunzhongshan,changxingfanqinggeming,zaihaiwaiweitongmenghuichoukuanbenzoudexinhaiqianbeiqiumingchang……

zhengshizheixiezailishixingkongzhongyiyishenghuidehuarenshenying,weibeixifanglieqiangpanjudabainiandegulangyu,liucunxialebumiedewenhuahuozhong,rangshandongshiyixuanwudeyitouguozhimintongzhideyinyun,faxianqianbainianlaiyizhimianyanyuci、mingmieweijuedehuaxiawenmingzhiguang。

从未止步的道路求索

shangshijiwuliushiniandaizhiqian,fujiannanbushangaolinshen,cengchuxianyanzhongdehuhuan,qizhongshamen、zhangzhoudiquyoushen。guanyuehuxichushangrendeshijian,shichangjianzhubaoduan。

山东十一选五1916nian4yuezhongxundeyigebangwan,gulangyunanbubuyuandehaimianshang,yizhidiaojingbaie、toudingdaocao,zhoushenbumanheihuangsehuawendehuananhusuizhebolangdeqifu,zaishuimianshiyinshixian。yesejianshen,zheizhiziduiannantaiwushanqubashansheshui、qiuhaierlaidelaohu,shunzhechaoshuiconggangzihouhaiyudengshanggulangyu。

gulangyudishaorenchou,henkuai,zheizhihuamianbanlandelaohubianbeirenfaxian,gongbujuzhuanmenpaichuxunbu,zaidaoshangsichuxunlie。chudaodaoshangdelaohuyeyouxiehuangbuzelu,qingjizhixiazuanruyitiaoxiazhaidexiaoxiangzhizhongdongdanbude,wenxunerlaidexunbupashangpangbianwuding,jugaolinxia,miaozhunlaohutoubuliankailiangqiang,jianglaohujibi。

cihou,gulangyubianchuxianlezheitiaoyidongwumingmingdedaolu——huxiang。

zuoluoyucidehuxiang8haoshiyidongjianyu1920niandesirenzhuzhai,jianzhumianjibuzu200pingfangmi,shuangcengzhuanmujiegou,qiangmianbanbotuoluo,zacaotaixianhengsheng。zaibieshuyangfanglinli,haocheng“wanguojianzhubolanguan”degulangyu,zheiyangyidongloufangkanqilaihaobuqiyan。danjiushizheizuoputongdejianzhu,quecengshifujianquanshengwuzhuanggemingdouzhengdezhihuizhongxin——zhonggongfujianshengweijiguandesuozaidi。

shangshijiersanshiniandai,gangchenglibujiudezhongguogongchandang,weileshizhongguochedibaituobanzhimindibanfengjianshehui,jinxinglejiankuzhuojuedetansuo,tongshihaiyaomianduilaiziguomindangdeweizhuidujie,gemingrenwujianju,douzhengxingshiyanjun。

山东十一选五1930nian8yue,youyuzhiqiandejiguanzhudishoudaoanquanweixie,zhonggongfujianshengweikaolianghourenweizaizuowei“gonggongzujie”degulangyu,guomindangshilixiangduiboruo;suiyi“shangjia”mingyizuxiagulangyuhuxiang8hao,jiangcizuoweigeminghuodongdemimijudian,loufangdamendemenhuan,jiushiqingbaorenyuanlianluodeanhao。

山东十一选五meidaoyewan,shirenfujianshengweishujiluomingyijihoulaidedailishengweishujiwanghaiping,huizaihunandemeiyoudengxia,yuelanquanshengsonglaidegemingqingbao,yanpanjushi、zhihuidouzheng,bingyongteshuyaoshuijiangjiyaoxinxixiezaibaibutiaoshang,youjiaotongyuancongzheilisongdagedi。

suiranjinguolebuzuyinian,yinniyucidezhonggongfujianshengweijiguanbianyinweibeiguomindangfajuebingpohuai,beipozhuanyi。danzaizheiduanduandejigeyueshijianli,gulangyuweifujianquanshengwuzhuanggemingdouzhengdechixujinxing,fahuilewuketidaidezuoyong。rumangmangheiyezhongdeyizhanmingdeng,weizaiheianzhongmosuoqianxingdefujiannaizhizhongguogeming,zhaoliangleyifangyekong。

huoxuyu“chuguozhihougengaiguo”deyuanyouleisi,chuyuyangrenzhixiadegulangyu,conglaibuqueshaozheiyangderenrenzhishi,tamengengweipoqiediqiusuozhezhongguodefuqiangdaolu,zaifangcunxiaodaoshang,sicunzhe“zhongguoweilaixianghechuqu”dehongdamingti。

山东十一选五likaihuxiang8hao,yanyongchunluwangxibei,shangbijiashan,xingzhibanshanyaochu,keyikandaoyidongyishanerjian,jianjuzhongxifenggedeshuangcengbieshu。bieshumingweichuncaotang,zhurenshigulangyuzhimingdegemingxianquxuchuncao。

山东十一选五xuchuncaochushenpinhan,youshifuqinxiananyangmousheng,congciyaowuyinxin,9suijikaishizuogongyangjia,12suishigaixingchengweinishuigongren。zaineiyangyigejunfahunzhan、dongdangbuandeniandai,shenghuozaishehuidicengdejianzhugongrenweiqiushengcun,zhinengbaotuanqunuan。yinweijiangyiqi、zhongqingyi,changweiqiongkutongxingzhangyizhiyan、tingshenerchudexuchuncao,shenbianjianjianjujiqiyibangjianzhugongren,duoshidadaoshuqianren,chengweishamendangdipojuhaozhaolidexingyelingxiu。

kanzhefubaiwunengdewanqingzhengfuzaifengyupiaolingzhongyaoyaoyuqing,shenweijianzhugongrendexuchuncaozainijiangwalengzhongxinqinlaozuotaoshenghuodetongshi,yezaisikaozheguojiadeqiantumingyun。

山东十一选五1907nian,xuchuncaojingyousunzhongshandehaoyou、minzhugemingjiahuangnaishanghelinwenqingjieshao,zhengshijiarutongmenghui,chengweishamentongmenghuidezaoqihuiyuanzhiyi,bingzaishijishangzhuchitongmenghuizaiminnanyidaidehuiwu。4nianhou,tayubaiminggemingdangren,jingongshamen“titaiya”,canyutuifanqingzhengfuzaishamendequanlizhongxin,houbeisunzhongshanshouyuxinhaigemingyidengxunzhang。

1921nian,sunzhongshanzaiguangzhoufaqidiercihufayundong,bingjijizhunbeijinxingercibeifa,danjunquanzaiwodechenjiongmingqueyusunzhongshanyijianxiangzuo,fanduibeifa。1922nian6yue,chenjiongmingfadongzhengbian,sunzhongshanbeipolikaiguangzhou,shouxianchelizhizhujiangshangdechuyujian,houyouzhuandaoyongfengjian。

yongfengjianshang,sunzhongshanxiangqilezaifujianshamenpoyouyingxianglidexuchuncao,yushixialing,renmingxuchuncaowei“fujiantaozeijunzongzhihui”。rujin,gulangyubishanluzheidongyouxuchuncaoqinzishejijianzaodexiaolouli,rengrannenggoukandaojuzhuzaicidexuchuncaohourenjingxinbaocundexiangguanyinxin,yijidangnianyousunzhongshanqinbishuxiedeweirenzhuang。

山东十一选五“renmingxuchuncaoweifujiantaozeijunzongzhihui ciling sunwen”。yongxinzhuangbiaodefanhuangzhijianshang,jinshenhouzhongdemaobiziji,suilijingbainiansuiyuexili,rengjiuqingxikejian,fangruomojichugan,tixingzherenmen,xianbeitibishineiduanqianlumimangdekankesuiyueburongwangque,erjintongwangfuxingdekangzhuangdadaogengyingbeijiazhenxi。

山东十一选五danzhibainian。rujin,fanyongdelishilangchaozhujianguiyupingjing,erlijingbainianguangyindegulangyu,yijingjiangneiduandongdangbuandecangsangsuiyue、neilvlijiumijiandewenhuamailuo、neixiebuduanqiusuodeyongyizhishishenshenmingkezaixiaodaodexunchangxiangmo。

山东十一选五jintiandegulangyubishanlushang,yijinbainiandechuncaotang,yijiuchuranerli,fangqiancuizhinongying,wuhoufanhuatufang,jincongwaibiaoyijinghennanduchuqidangniansuojinglidedongdangyucangsang。xuchuncaodesunbeixuduokang,chengjizuye,zaijianzhuxingyepindabanshenghou,zuizhongxieqierdingjudaoshang,zaigulangyudeconglongcaomujian,zhuixunzhexianbeizuji,jiangshuzhexianbeigushi。

“shandongshiyixuanwugenyeyesuiweicengmoumian,danzuoweihoubei,baohuhaozheizuofangzi,baohuhaozheizuoxiaodao,jiushiduilishizuidadezunzhong,yeshiduixianbeizuihaodejinian。”zuozaixuchuncaocengjingshiyongguodezhuoziqian,xuduokanggaosujizhe。

yuanzili,jizhumaoshengdesanjiaomeiyijingpanshangtaijibanbandeqingshiyuanqiang,cucumeihongsedehuaduo,yingfengkaidezhengyan。buyuanchudebijiashanshang,yikekebainiangusongcangcuiyudi、tingbaxiuli,fangruoyizhizhibaozhannongmoderuchuandabi,jixushuxiexindelishi。(jizhekangmiao、zhaowencai、fumin)

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